Yucatan Wildlife
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Splendid Toadfish Splendid Toadfish - Sanopus splendidus


Cozumel is Mexico's largest island, located just 16 kms east off the coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. Cozumel is 48 kms long by 16 kms wide. It has an area of about 475 sq. kms. The highest point is less than 15 metres above sea level. It is famous for its clear waters and variety of marine life. April and May are the best months for calm water and sunny, moderate weather

Endemic Species

  • Cozumel Emerald - Chlorostilbon forficatus  ...photo 
  • Cozumel Thrasher Cozumel Thrasher - Toxostoma guttatum
    The Cozumel Thrasher (Cuitlacoche de Cozumel) is perhaps the most critically endangered bird in Mexico. The last credible sighting was in July 2004 with possible sightings in 2007. If you have information about any recent sightings of this bird, please contact Robert L. Curry with information about date, time, and location in as much detail as possible.
  • Cozumel Vireo - Vireo bairdi  ...song   ...video 
  • Cozumel Raccoon - Procyon pygmaeus
  • Cozumel Island Coatimundi - Nasua nelsonii
  • Cozumel Fox - an unnamed species of fox that is believed to be extinct.
    Peter Middleton, reports a possible sigthing from May 2008 (pers. comm.)
  • Splendid Toadfish - Sanopus splendidus

Wildlife Links

  • Birdlife International Factsheet on Cozumel's endemic species  ...link 
  • Checklist of bird species with links to sound recordings for many of them  ...link 
  • Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Cozumel with breeding and seasonal status  ...link 
  • Spanish checklist of the Birds of Cozumel  ...link 
  • Cozumel map Cozumel Dive Map printed on waterproof, rip-proof plastic, includes drawings of many fish species found here.  ...link 


  • A good overview of Cozumel with a brief history and details about diving.  ...link 
  • Overview of Cozumel Island with details about history and habitats.  ...link 
  • Cozumel Parks and Museums Foundation -  ...link 
  • LANDSAT photo of Cozumel Island with notes  ...link 

Spanish translation

Cozumel Sunrise by Ken Thomas
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